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According to the World Bank, the literacy rate amongst Lithuanians aged 15 years and older is 100%. School attendance rates are above the EU average and school go away is less widespread than in the EU.

The Duchy of Warsaw, established in 1807, traced its origins to the Commonwealth. The Crown had about double the population of Lithuania and 5 instances the revenue of the latter's treasury. As with other countries, the borders, space and population of the Commonwealth diversified over time.

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Balts had been utilizing mead (midus) for thousands of years. Beer (alus) is the most typical alcoholic beverage.

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Due to the construction of dams, approximately 70% of spawning sites of potential catadromous fish species have disappeared. In some cases, river and lake ecosystems proceed to be impacted by anthropogenic eutrophication. Forest has long been one of the important pure resources in Lithuania. Forests occupy one third of the country's territory and timber-related industrial manufacturing accounts for nearly 11% industrial manufacturing within the country. Lithuania has 5 national parks, 30 regional parks, 402 nature reserves, 668 state-protected pure heritage objects.

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With a large underground recent water reserves, Lithuania exports mineral-rich water to other nations. Approved mineral water quantity is about 2.7 million cubic meters per 12 months, while manufacturing is only four–5 % of all mineral water sources. The Lithuanian National Defence Policy goals to ensure the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the state, the integrity of its land, territorial waters and airspace, and its constitutional order. Its major lithuanian brides strategic targets are to defend the nation's pursuits, and to take care of and broaden the capabilities of its armed forces so they may contribute to and take part in the missions of NATO and European Union member states. People from throughout Lithuania flooded to Vilnius to defend their legitimately elected Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania and independence.

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A 2004 evaluation of mtDNA in a Lithuanian population revealed that Lithuanians are close to each Indo-European and Uralic-talking populations of Northern Europe. Y-chromosome SNP haplogroup analysis showed Lithuanians to be closest to fellow Balts (Latvians), Estonians, Belarusians and Finnish folks.

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Lithuania maintains greatly warm mutual relations with Georgia and strongly helps its European Union and NATO aspirations. Shortly, Lithuanians and the Lithuanian Catholic Church additionally began accumulating financial support for the war victims.

During the Communist rule, the Catholic clergymen of Lithuania vehemently protested in opposition to the anti-non secular decrees of the Communist regime. The Hill of Crosses in an internationally renowned shrine where the devout Catholics of the nation positioned 1000's of Christian crosses as an indication of protest in opposition to the Communist regime. History of the Institute of Lithuanian Literature and Folklore Archived on the Wayback Machine.

Drilling depth normally reaches 30–50 meters, but in Klaipėda Region it even reaches 250 meters. Consequently, Lithuania is one of only a few European international locations the place groundwater is used for centralized water provide.

Lasers and biotechnology are flagship fields of the Lithuanian science and high tech trade. Lithuanian "Šviesos konversija" (Light Conversion) has developed a femtosecond laser system that has 80% marketshare worldwide, and is utilized in DNA analysis, ophthalmological surgical procedures, nanotech trade and science.

This focus permits Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania, an ethnic minority-based mostly political party, to exert political affect. Due to the excessive pro-Pole political agenda, the get together is understood to trigger friction between Lithuanians and Poles.

"World Bank Country and Lending Groups – World Bank Data Help Desk". Lithuania has received a total of 25 medals at the Olympic Games, together with 6 gold medals in athletics, modern pentathlon, capturing, and swimming. Numerous different Lithuanians received Olympic medals representing Soviet Union.

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Lithuania exhibits a fragmented multi-party system, with a number of small parties by which coalition governments are common. Ordinary elections to the Seimas take place on the second Sunday of October every four years. To be eligible for election, candidates should be no less than 25 years previous on the election day, not beneath allegiance to a overseas state and permanently reside in Lithuania.

Catholicism has been the main faith since the official Christianisation of Lithuania in 1387. The Catholic Church was persecuted by the Russian Empire as part of the Russification policies and by the Soviet Union as part of the general anti-religious campaigns. During the Soviet era, some clergymen actively led the resistance in opposition to the Communist regime, as symbolised by the Hill of Crosses and exemplified by The Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania. There is now Compulsory Health Insurance for Lithuanian residents.

This initiated the formation of early statehood, from which the Grand Duchy of Lithuania developed. Changes within the territory of Lithuania from the 13th to fifteenth century. At its peak, Lithuania was the largest state in Europe. Lithuania's strength was its toleration of varied cultures and religions. Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.