No matter what their job, where they live, or how much education or experience they have, Latinas are still paid less than white men.1 Get the facts about the pay gap and its impact on Latinas and their families. Participants were recruited directly by the promotora, who attended churches, health fairs and other community events to explain the importance of the study and to encourage participation. Because individual and group education sessions achieved a similar level of patient satisfaction, Spalluto believes large-group education sessions during mammography screenings in this population may represent an opportunity to consolidate time and resources. Participants with access to the promotora had the opportunity to ask questions during both the education sessions and clinical services. In post-mammography surveys, those receiving individual and group education sessions reported similar rates of satisfaction with care, which were higher than those reported by patients who did not have access to the promotora.
Rivera’s advocacy work focused on progressive models of childhood and adult education, sexual health awareness, reintegration programs for sex http://impexecuatoriana.com/2020/02/25/comparison-of-available-latina-girls/ workers and land rights for the Indigenous. Ambar Cristina Hanson, MPA, is the community relationship officer at Mortenson Family Foundation.
Although Latina women are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS, they remain an understudied and underserved population. AMIGAS was delivered by Latina health educators to a diverse, predominantly immigrant population of Latina women in the Miami metropolitan area. Navarro AM, Raman R, McNicholas LJ, Loza O. Diffusion of cancer education information through a Latino community health advisor program.
We maintained the theoretical foundations of social cognitive theory,22 the theory of gender and power,23 and the core elements of the SiSTA intervention throughout the adaptation process from which AMIGAS emerged. We used community-based participatory research approaches to engage members of the ethnically diverse Latina community at all stages of the research.
Women with any type of diabetes may have a higher risk of needing a cesarean delivery if they have high blood sugar during pregnancy. Additionally, the baby may have an increased risk for being too large at birth and being overweight and having Type 2 diabetes in the future. Say researchers want to learn about survival 5 years after a breast cancer diagnosis. They must collect data on women diagnosed this year and then wait 5 years to collect the data on 5-year survival.
Women also hold an unequal share of the nation’s outstanding student-loan debt — two-thirds of the pie, according to the American Association of University Women — despite the fact that fewer women have college degrees. While women are attending college at a higher rate than men (56 percent of four-year-college enrollees were women in 2017), enrollment figures don’t match their share of student loan debt. There are other reasons why women are paid less than men, despite being in similar career fields, holding equivalent degrees, and working in the same parts of the country. For women at the higher end of the earning scale, promotions and raises are often subjective. This can leave them open to discrimination and bias, which can be especially harmful for women of color.
In fact, the pay gap is widest among Latina women with a college education, and widens as higher levels of education are obtained. Latinas with advanced degrees only make two-thirds of the salary of their white male counterparts on average, and a similar discrepancy exists for bachelor’s degree and high-school degree holders. Latinas without a high school degree make 27 percent less than white men with similar educational backgrounds.
The First Woman And First Latina Chairwoman In California Gop History Leads The Party Forward
- About one-third of women diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer in the U.S. live at least 5 years after diagnosis .
- In the drawers below, learn more about breast cancer incidence and mortality among women of different races and ethnicities.
- These may include things that increase breast cancer risk, such as being overweight or having children later in life.
- In 2018 , 63 percent of women ages 45 and older in the U.S. reported having a mammogram within the past year (ages 45-54) or past 2 years (ages 55-74) .
This session also addressed reproduction, the female anatomy, and the value of one's body. Session 3 used video testimonials by Latina women who were living with HIV to enhance participants’ awareness of HIV risk practices and to dispel common myths about HIV in the Latina community. The health educators also discussed the HIV risk reduction strategies of abstinence, consistent condom use, and having fewer male sexual partners. Session 4 explored how experiences such as immigration, deportation, and acculturation can affect HIV risk among Latina women. The participants also engaged in role-playing activities that integrated these culturally appropriate themes and were designed to enhance women's confidence in initiating safer sex conversations, negotiating safer sex, and refusing unsafe sexual encounters.
Latina women experienced higher rates of human papillomavirus, or HPV, than white women as of 2010 and twice the death rate from cervical cancer. Something that could help is a minimum wage increase, which would benefit a large amount of Latina workers. The Economic Policy Institute estimates that if the minimum wage were increased to $12 per hour by 2020 – a proposal introduced in Congress that lawmakers ultimately didn’t take up – then more than 35 million workers would receive a raise. The majority of those workers are women, 4.2 million are Latinas, and over 38 percent of Latinos who would benefit are parents.
Programs like these include Casa Latina Programs, providing education on English, workers' rights, and the consumer culture of America. These wage gaps in the workforce affect Latinas at every socioeconomic status, not just the working class. Latina women are the most likely group to be paid at or below the minimum wage, with 5.7% of wage and salary workers earning this amount. Of women in the workforce with advanced degrees (master's, professional, and doctoral degrees), Latinas earn the lowest median weekly earnings of all racial and ethnic groups in the United States. Despite discrimination in the workforce, Latina participation is on the rise.
The adapted curriculum was translated into Spanish by a translation services company and was reviewed, modified, back-translated into English, and finally approved by the study team. We then field-tested the adapted curriculum, and Latina community representatives reviewed it before implementation.
AdditionalEPI research on the Hispanic-white wage gapincludes analysis of immigrant status and country of origin. Looking at only full-time workers in a regression framework, Marie T. Mora and Alberto Dávila find that Latina workers are paid 67 percent on the white non-Hispanic male dollar . Accounting for immigrant status, the pay penalty improves slightly to 30 percent and is wider among first generation immigrants than second or third or higher generation .
History Of Latina Migration
Black and Latina women are particularly at risk for being seen as angry when they fail to conform to these restrictive norms. A biologist noted that she tends to speak her mind very directly, as do her male colleagues. LATINA Style Magazine is the most influential publication reaching the contemporary Hispanic woman. LATINA Style broke new ground in 1994 by launching the first national magazine dedicated to the needs and concerns of the contemporary Latina professional working woman and the Latina business owner in the United States. With a national circulation of 150,000 and a readership of nearly 600,000, LATINA Style reaches both the seasoned professional and the young Latina entering the workforce for the first time.