Before Christianity, the nation’s religion was ‘Romuva’. The Curonian Spit is a ninety eight kilometers (61 miles) lengthy, skinny, curved sand-dune spit that separates the Curonian Lagoon from the Baltic Sea coast. Human habitation of this elongated sand dune peninsula dates again to prehistoric instances. Its southern portion lies within Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia and its northern within southwestern Lithuania. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site shared by the two nations.
Lithuania's climate, which ranges between maritime and continental, is comparatively gentle. Average temperatures on the coast are −2.5 °C (27.5 °F) in January and 16 °C (sixty one °F) in July. In Vilnius the typical temperatures are −6 °C (21 °F) in January and 17 °C (sixty three °F) in July. During the summer time, 20 °C (68 °F) is frequent lithuanian women through the day while 14 °C (fifty seven °F) is widespread at night; in the past, temperatures have reached as excessive as 30 or 35 °C (86 or 95 °F). Winter extremes are −34 °C (−29 °F) in coastal areas and −43 °C (−45 °F) within the east of Lithuania.
On 31 August 1993 the last units of the Soviet Army left the territory of Lithuania. Since 29 March 2004, Lithuania has been a part of the NATO. On 1 May 2004, it grew to become a totally-fledged member of the European Union, and a member of the Schengen Agreement on 21 December 2007. On 20 March 1939, after years of rising tensions, Lithuania was handed an ultimatum by Nazi Germany demanding it relinquish the Klaipėda Region. Two days later, the Lithuanian authorities accepted the ultimatum.
Many Lithuanian professors have a second job to complement their earnings. PISA report from 2010 found that Lithuanian ends in math, science and studying were beneath OECD average.
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The Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS) was established in Copenhagen in 1992 as a casual regional political forum. Its primary aim is to promote integration and to close contacts between the area's countries. The members of CBSS are Iceland, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland, Germany, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Russia, and the European Commission. Its observer states are Belarus, France, Italy, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Ukraine.
In 1999, the Seimas (parliament) of Lithuania adopted a Law on Product Safety, and in 2000 it adopted a Law on Food. The reform of the agricultural market has been carried out on the idea of these two laws.
London and Glasgow (particularly the Bellshill and Coatbridge areas of Greater Glasgow) have long had giant Catholic and Jewish Lithuanian populations. The Republic of Ireland most likely has the best focus of Lithuanians relative to its whole population dimension in Western Europe; its estimated forty five,000 Lithuanians (about half of whom are registered) form over 1% of Ireland's total inhabitants. In Norway there are forty five,415 Lithuanians dwelling in the country and it has in a short time turn into the second largest ethnic minority in the country, making up 0.eighty five% of Norway's whole population, and four.81% of all foreign residents in Norway.
In the areas managed by Poland, resentments grew as a new settlement of Polish military veterans with economic ties to Poland brought larger Polonization. Lithuanian–Polish relations continued to deteriorate, as Polish and Lithuanian forces skirmished in the background of the Polish-Soviet War (and Lithuanian-Soviet War). Polish Military Organization staged Sejny Uprising was met with huge outrage in Lithuania.
Lithuania —172.82cm (5 ft 8.03 inches)
Russians make up the most Slavs, adopted by Poles and Ukrainians. Lithuania is the nation with the best per capita consumption of alcohol within the EU. According to information from the World Health Organization, Lithuanians consumed 2.6 alcoholic drinks on common per day in 2014 which is a staggering 15.19 litres of pure alcohol per yr. This yr, Lithuania’s government addressed the difficulty by proposing new insurance policies to be introduced by January 2018 including a ban on alcohol promoting and increasing the legal age for getting and consuming from 18 to twenty.
Its panorama was smoothed by the glaciers of the last ice age, and is a combination of moderate lowlands and highlands. Its highest level is Aukštojas Hill at 294 metres (965 ft) in the japanese a part of the country.
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These modifications in opposite instructions problem in style notions of static ‘consuming cultures’ together with the concept that in Southern Europe there has at all times been a culture of innocent mild ingesting, integrated into on a regular basis life. The means folks drink in numerous nations, and the way much they drink, is changing over time. There just isn't a static 'national ingesting culture' in distinction to how that is often being portrayed in popular media - with heavy consuming in Northern countries contrasted with moderate consumption in Southern Europe. In truth, not very way back, it was precisely the other way spherical. "Lietuvos automobilių kelių direkcija prie Susisiekimo ministerijos".
The Lithuanian head of state is the president, instantly elected for a five-yr time period and serving a most of two phrases. The president oversees foreign affairs and nationwide safety, and is the commander-in-chief of the military. The president also appoints the prime minister and, on the latter's nomination, the rest of the cabinet, in addition to numerous other high civil servants and the judges for all courts. The present Lithuanian head of state, Gitanas Nausėda was elected on 26 May 2019 by unanimously successful in all municipalities of Lithuania.